Informational text activities. Teacher Instruction IXL will track you...

  • Informational text activities. Teacher Instruction IXL will track your score, and the questions will automatically increase in difficulty as you improve! Thoughtful The authors provide an overview of research on informational text guided reading This toolkit includes 68 pages full of great resources for your class including Grades 2-3 Common Core: ELA: RI Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 Now, it’s time for the informational ELA mentor texts! My ELA packs for Kindergarten, 1st grade, and 2nd grade include three mini-lessons, printables, passages, interactive notebook activities, task cards, and an assessment Main Idea - Summarize succinctly the main idea and supporting details (presented as text and/or visuals Follow-Up Activities Page Count: 128 Text structure refers to the ways that authors organize information in text For this activity, you will place 3 or 4 actual objects in a bag It also includes persuasion or argument texts that include claims, warrants and evidence that influence actions Kate Kinsella tackles the particular challenges of preparing learners to be able to analyze and discuss complex informational text The Common Core State Standards (CCSS, 2010) for reading focus heavily on students gathering evidence, knowledge, and insights from what they read b They can be found in magazines, in the field of science, in history books, in autobiographies, and in instruction manuals It can Free worksheets on text structure to practice & download This is because all students are going to require strong informational text skills outside of school These are the words that should define our students as they provide evidence that supports text-dependent questions Why did you select the words you included in the glossary? 2 To assess students’ understanding of the concepts, have students complete the Making Inferences Assessment (L-3-4-2_Making Inferences Assessment Relationships between Ideas - Recognize clear, but subtly stated relationships among ideas (e Our informational writing worksheets help young students better understand what’s expected of them on paper Which of the following is not relevant You might choose to use it as an initial whole group mini-lesson to familiarize your students with main idea and details ELA-LITERACY It tends to be easier for students to find evidence to support their answers within informational text End of Lesson 1 13 A long article or block of text can be intimidating and off-putting for many Use informational text at stations The informational texts cover grade-level content-area topics and a range of nonfiction text structures, such as compare and contrast, cause and effect, and time order Text + Evidence is citing proof in the reading ELAGSE5RI3: Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text based on specific information in the text In fact, 80-90% of the reading standards in every grade require text-dependent analysis — being These three resources for teaching about non-fiction are ready to print and teach! Grab them below! Fiction and Nonfiction Activities Bundle Trading cards are a form of informational text that even young students are familiar with, even if they aren’t baseball or Pokémon fans Informational Text ReAding Unit: In this unit, students will delve into the world of informational reading Encourage and guide students as they read to use text structure to comprehend text EXTENSION: Assign students a section from a nonfiction text These informational text summary writing frames were made with teacher input $149 en-us Have them identify text features that they used to help them to understand the informatio n they read about View PDF Transcript Day holiday This is in an effort to help readers maintain and progress in narrative reading levels, pace and rate while at the same time teaching informational reading strategies As you read, work on monitoring predictions, adding to them and Informational text often develops a topic by providing a hierarchy of main ideas and supporting details Article-A-Day provides weekly text sets of engaging nonfiction passages What are informational text features? Today, you will learn about the Index DK Children, 2001 woodleywonderworks, CC-BY, via Flickr 6 Reading Comprehension An adult male chimpanzee stands three or four feet tall and weighs about 100 pounds In this lesson, students in grades K-2 learn to use the 3-2-1 strategy, which involves writing about three things they discovered, two things they found interesting, and one question they still have Identify how are two short stories are similar or Text for students who are reading at a third grade reading level These 23 Informational Text Feature Task Cards are a great supplemental activity to increase your students' understanding and to help them to use nonfiction (informational text) resources more effectively Pause and summarize, and model for students how to ask questions or offer comments Item description Reading informational text worksheets Your students will build meaning and comprehension as they evaluate text structure and text features We spend a week on each structure because we do both reading and writing activities and a project on the final week This game will help students become more familiar with features of informational text Develops academic mindsets and assessment skills 7 Interpret information “Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently Table of Contents Chapter 1: When you first get a puppy Political Ad Analysis Worksheet A tool your students can use as they examine campaign ads They explore a variety of informational text structures that will challenge their ability to analyze, cite evidence and draw inferences from text Your students will find out that features like images, charts, and diagrams add Use these 24 Nonfiction Text Feature Task Cards as a supplemental activity to increase your students' understanding and to help them to use nonfiction resources more effectively Tap card to see definition 👆 Students also learn how to identify the main idea and summarize an informational text 1 Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text Don’t forget to explain transition terms used with each Inny's Informational Text Features 18 graphic organizers/printables I More Informational Text Features 14 Students can learn to recognize the text structure by analyzing the signal words contained within the text Students read seven original nonfiction passages and summarize the main idea of each passage Informational Text Lessons in First Grade I n the previous chapter, we presented an informational text lesson using a read-aloud format These informational texts also make great practice for standardized test!Celebrate Earth Day's 51st anniversary on Friday, April 22, 2022 by reading nonfiction texts and doing corresponding activities: The Plastic Problem, Water Wisdom, and Go Green! The Power of Renewable Energy Students analyze, make inferences and draw conclusions about expository text and provide evidence from the text This lesson uses bags (paper or cloth) filled with matching fiction and Pay attention to text structure throughout reading sequence or process writing Learners practice this skill via compare and contrast worksheets, graphic organizers and Venn diagrams, paired texts, reading response sheets, close reading activities, and report writing 6 2: Part 2 of our focus on evidence-based questions takes us into the world of informational text RIT These skills include Key Ideas and Details, Craft and Structure and Integration of Knowledge and Ideas Informational texts cover several types; for example, journalistic (news), informative articles (such as encyclopedia or dictionaries), specialized (or scientific) or biographical notes Describe the relationship between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or Types of Text Structures in Informational Texts Text Structure (2008) As a classroom teacher, I want to see that same level of excitement as students engage with informational texts This book was chosen because it is high interest and has clearly identifiable details that lead students to the main idea ” (Towers, 2003 p 26) So, you can feel 100% confident using them in your class 7 posters/anchor charts Decide whether statements describe ways in which things are "alike" or "different" Learn about the big and exciting ostrich! 4th Grade First, Nicole and her students take time to discuss the lesson's objective It also provides for Text Features Practice: Rural, Suburban, Urban: reading informational text; Urban and Rural Communities 2 Consider beginning the lesson with students seated in groups since, later, students will be working in groups The structural elements in an informational text are designed to guide the reader through the content The very process of evaluating the structure of an informational text naturally leads the reader to encounter and analyze the content Table of contents, glossary, caption, headings—The Mailbox® has the reading resources you need to help kids understand the text features found in informational and nonfiction text While fiction writing is fun, sometimes students must write to get a point across 1 of 5 stars 2 of 5 stars 3 of 5 stars 4 of 5 stars 5 of 5 stars Wixie is the perfect digital canvas for students to use to share their ideas about the information they are reading Short informational text worksheets with comprehension questionsl Students are also asked to identify new topic-related words and to develop questions about the text Careful You can do these in one of three ways, depending upon the time Informational Reading Skills for Creating an Educated Second Grade Learner To tell a story Reading Informational Text 4 For Students 2nd Standards 13 (45%) ADD TO CART The author will give reasons to support his opinion Key Ideas and Details Info Worksheets – Reading: Informational Text Lesson 3: Summarizing Informational Text Practice 18-22 Lesson 3: Summarizing Informational Text Assessment 23-27 Lesson 4: Author’s Purpose (3-Purpose Version) Practice 28-30 Lesson 4: Author’s Purpose (3-Purpose Version) Assessment 31-33 Lesson 5: Author’s Purpose (5-Purpose Version) Practice 34-37 Writing an Informational Text Using Multiple Sources 4th Grade Created for the Reading Writing Project 2016-17 by Kurtz, and Becky Hamilton Appoquinimink School District 3rd Grade: Informational Text: 2 Select and read to gain information from personal interest materials such as brochures, books Here are some ideas for unique and creative projects and products that get students thinking about the content they are reading Then, use the information from the passage to complete the activities on the next page Explain the meaning of text evidence 6 - Name the author and illustrator of a text and define the role of each in presenting the ideas or information in a text The lesson has accommodations built right into the activities and the videos will engage reluctant readers The activities meet the following NCTE/IRA Standards: 1, 3 Read Alouds and Mentor Texts for Teaching Informational Text Structures Summarizing Informational Texts Lesson 2 ©Curriculum Associates, LLC Copying is not permitted By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as necessary at the high end of the range lesson Close the lesson by reminding students that noticing and taking advantage of text features will help them better understand informational text and locate information quickly Then answer questions covering a variety of reading skills ----- Music: Good Time 01URL: InShotA Little Trip URL: InShotHappy ThemeURL: InShot Activity 3 / Pelicans Worksheet Process WHOLE GROUP ACTIVITY: Understanding Figurative Language 1 Now we will talk about internal text structure – the way the text is written – to also help us get information from non-fiction text more easily Informational texts are a broad category of nonfiction resources, including: biographies; autobiographies; books about history, social studies, science, and the arts; technical texts (including how-to books Teacher's Note: Preparation Read the passage below The text feature resources above provide free ideas, activities, and printables Here is a double-sided main idea worksheet Young readers work on evaluating claims in a piece of informational text with the article "In New York, It's Open Bag or Find Exits" from the New York Times Send any friend a story Read through the class activity, as outlined on slide 9 Research Packets Resources at four writing levels supply information as source material for writing 13 You Save: $120 As students progress from the primary to secondary grades, they are asked to read increasing amounts of informational texts (National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Here is the inside scoop! There is one informational text passage written at the stretch complexity band for second and third grade Provide High-Interest Informational Text Passages Download a selected list of the following resources in a handout ready to share with your colleagues Animal Interviews Students research the characteristics, adaptations, and habitat of an animal and share their findings in a question and answer session with the animal After reading summarize using a graphic organizer either Nonfiction/Informational Not only Teaching informational text is a broad topic with an increased focus in the Common Core State Standards If you don’t have enough of these types of texts in the classroom, it’s worth a visit to the school library to hand pick books on a variety of topics and reading levels Students must be able to unpack these 5 text structures and study their components in order to fully understand and analyze informational Our informational text comprehension activities include: Connection Cards L2: Summarizing Informational Texts 12 Read the first two paragraphs of a government bulletin about invasive species Hyatt, English 10 Review, Trimester 1, 2008-2009 Informational Text: Craft and Structure CCR Anchor Standard 5: Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e Even though students learn text structure in elementary school, I still explicitly teach the 5 basic text structures to all of my students Teaching Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Expository Text $8 Celebrate young children and their families with hands-on activities encouraging movement and healthy lifestyles through music, food, and art 4 Display the Explore Tornadoes! worksheet and point out its specific text features (e 5 These differentiated worksheets enable children to look for features of an information text and mark them off once they have found them You will also learn ideas for grouping Informational Text Features Scavenger Hunt Informational text educates the reader about a specific topic Tap again to see term 👆 Nonfiction Text Features – anchor chart posters & worksheets To inform com for some of our Response to Intervention students As listeners and as readers, students need to be able to recognize text types, identify the relationships among pieces of information, and distinguish between core concepts and details Presidents research unit includes research journals, instructions for a report, parent letters, student worksheets, Wife Teacher Mommy | Emergency Sub Plans & Teaching Resources Teaching informational text structures , visually, quantitatively) as well as in words to develop a coherent understanding of a Explain the text features you chose to add, being sure to support your ideas with evidence from the text Its primary purpose is to inform the reader about the natural or social world 10) Appendix B (text exemplars) is a sample, not a shopping list Lesson 1: Headings (Grades 1-2) In this lesson, students make predictions from the headings used in informational text Activity Description 7 - With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the text in which they appear (e Learn interesting facts about ostriches in this nonfiction article 2 Determine a central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a In this learning filled packet you get: An information-packed text about the history of the Christmas tree Liz is also a personal trainer, avid body builder, and freelance drummer It comes with one page of text-dependent questions and several culminating activities Precise Students will read an informational text about variations in college completion rates for people born in different years Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text They are written using specific characteristics that allow the reader to easily identify informational text This reading and writing informational text resource is perfect for having students read passages, learn to find and cite text evidence, find the main idea, and summarize informational text while they are going back to school informational text 4th Grade: Informational Text: 8 Identify details which characters have in common and ways in which they are different Table of Contents Cause/Effect Researchers in the 1950s had programmed their “giant electronic brains” to play checkers, tic-tac-toe, and chess Non-fiction texts and fiction stories for students who are reading at a fourth grade reading level First, read the whole text to get an overview of its content All the most relevant results for your search about Informational Text 1st Grade Printables are listed to access for free Representative democracy involves leaders receiving literary (fiction) and informational texts Read with your child each day Ask questions about important details in the text (who, what, when, where, why and how) Invite your child to ask questions, to predict, and to make inferences (use clues from the text and what they know to draw conclusions) Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables Here is a double-sided main idea worksheet Descriptive adjective and words like: on, over, beyond, within One that I love is where the students have to look back at the reading to create a love note candy of their own based on the Lesson 3: Summarizing Informational Text Teacher’s Instructions 33-34 Lesson 3: Summarizing Informational Text Student Pages 35 Lesson 4: Author’s Purpose (PIE) Completed Student Pages 36, 40 Lesson 4: Author’s Purpose (PIE) Teacher’s Instructions 37-38,41 Sometimes an author will write about an opinion, which is how he feels about something The handout and posters include signal words and tips for identifying each of these text structures: Sequence A non-fiction book that examines World War II 1 Which statement is most important to include in a summary of the passage “Cesar Chavez”? Informational Texts Then, read the text out loud with students the first time through Trading Cards 6 minutes per day with informational texts during classroom written language activities This lesson meets the following NCTE/IRA Standards: 1, 3 Creating a classroom set of trading cards for historical figures, rainforest animals, or even elements on the periodic table, provides a fun way to learn, and review, information about a topic you are studying , vocabulary words and definitions, bold words, headings, diagrams Increasingly detailed activities help foster consistent teaching of informational text examples throughout early education And, while bright colors are SO much fun, I know that many teachers make copies in black and white If you are looking for more practice with Informational Text Structures, consider purchasing this set of multiple Informational Text Interactive Notebook (which I LOVE and believe every upper grades teacher should own) that gives a great overview of all of the different text structures Liz Allen is the K12 District Media Coordinator for L'Anse Creuse PS in Clinton Township Michigan This lesson plan is for students with a K interest and reading level (shelved 16 times as informational-text) avg rating 4 The general guidelines of the kindergarten example, presented on pages 6 9–75, and the lesson structure itself also apply to first-grade read-aloud lessons, so adapt the structure to your needs Grade 6 See a list of terms used in these activities To make things a little easier, I created these five free posters and student handout as reminders for your students Some of the worksheets for this concept are Grade 3 informational writing guide, 3rd grade informational writing prompt horses and zebras, Grade3 expositoryandopinionwriting, Work 3 informational text, 3rd grade 3 reading life cycle, Informational text key ideas and details Informational Text Lesson Text Notebooks - YouTube Interactive Notebook Insert This small chart is designed to have students record three text features they find in their reading The lesson can be easily adapted for use with any informational text that contains headings Grade 5 , a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole Informational texts are nonfiction works that are meant to inform readers Two informational texts feature community gardens of the past and present and how seeds grow Five Types of Informational Text Structures The vast majority of texts are written to make an argument, to inform, or to tell a story This lesson meets the following NCTE/IRA Standards: 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 11, 12 This informational text is a perfect fit for connections! b'Plan your 60-minute lesson in English / Language Arts or Comprehension: Listening and Viewing with helpful tips from Hillary Boles' We use ReadingAtoZ After completing the read-aloud, use the following video clips of rarely observed whale behavior to deepen students understanding of the whale Quickly find that inspire student learning These cards are meant to be used as students read and think Best Fact Checking Websites for Students This video helps students to identify informational texts Live worksheets > English > English Language Arts (ELA) > Reading comprehension > Finding Here, I’ll share five of my favorite post-reading reader-response activities spatial order or descriptive writing A Day in the Life of a Police Officer by Linda Hayward 5 The various types of informational text are: literary nonfiction, which has shorter texts like personal essays; opinion pieces; speeches, literature essays and journalism; expository texts containing indexes and table of contents and navigational devices Common Core CCSS Spelling 1, 2 Students read the passages, identify the text structure, and represent the information using the appropriate graphic organizer The reading worksheets and articles cover sight words, vocabulary, reading comprehension, grammar, and other reading essentials It weaves facts into poems, and is a unique way to incorporate more informational texts into the classroom Teach your child to properly read and analyze informational passages by providing him or her with ample practice! This printable worksheet will come in handy to teach these necessary reading skills and will serve to be Promotes peer-to-peer discussion and reflection Find creative ways to get students excited about learning Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how 7th Grade Reading Comprehension Worksheets Computers You might choose to use it as an initial whole group mini-lesson to familiarize your students with main idea and details The first thing we do after explaining what the main idea is, “a phrase or sentence that tells what the text is mostly about”, is to do Main Idea Activity Bags o What is an 1 Lesson 2 Part 2: Modeled Instruction ©Curriculum Associates, LLC Copying is not permitted Discuss the answers on slide 12 Your The ability to compare and contrast is critical for comprehending literary and informational texts—and for writing them and the Martin Luther King, Jr The issuer (author) tries to explain the fact in the most objective way How to Use Informational Text Activities Make sure to chunk the information 10 By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range For more fr Suggested site content and search history menu Use these creative ideas to inspire activities in your classroom that engage students deeply with the informational text content they are reading They have developed lesson activities across a variety of skill areas including cause and effect, context clues, literature, drawing conclusions, fact and opinion, main ideas, inference and more A second grade class I’m working with is studying informational text Teachers can print worksheets that test their students’ ability to determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details and to summarize the text Rate this book However, to infer the main idea students must have the knowledge to find the main points of Spider informational text activities for kindergarten and first grade The crowd gathered around a chain-link fence and waited for the show to begin I will use a shared reading approach to analyse reports and review common features Discuss the informative language examples on slides 15-16 Informational poetry offers a creative way for writers to share information So, students need more exposure and practice with these specific skills Everyone was startled even though they knew the sound was coming You can use this as an introduction or a review Answer key included! Squarehead Teachers on February 22, 2016 They will make different types of connections to share during a discussion of The text that will be used for this lesson is titled "Into the Sea" from Fountas & Pinnell leveled series They also describe how one teacher uses informational text during guided reading 10 Click card to see definition 👆 It’s a great way to make sure you understand what you’re reading! Theme: Links in the Food Chain Summarizing Informational Texts Lesson 2 Authorized for use by school personnel only During this lesson, students are asked to work with a partner to read a passage, write questions The Statue of Liberty is a symbol of freedom, America, and its historical alliance with France R Grade 3 - Compare & Contrast Texts Further, it has specialized language characteristics such as Summarizing informational text has several uses for students "Informational text" provides factual information about the world to readers 7 : Integrate information presented in different media or formats (e Here is a double-sided main idea worksheet pdf from Austin Schools has succinct handouts for teachers to use as a quick introduction or review of informational text With regard to the Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Informational Text Use the table of contents below to help you answer the questions 00 Grade Grade-Specific Standard based on their responses If you are reading a lengthy text, you may want to read one or two sections at a time ‘Polar Bears’ by Laura Marsh was a perfect choice Share My Lesson provides free Reading Standards for Informational Text lesson plans and teacher resources However, if you want to dive into close reading fully, a better option for you might be the full Close Reading Toolkit for Informational Text Follow We also suggest using it in your small guided reading groups of students who still need more support Start studying Evaluating Arguments in Informational Text - Quiz - Level H - IReady - READING - 75% Full Essay Example Per Diem Expense Report The topics of focus for the Curriculum Resource Guide are categorized by the College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Reading Develops strategies for critical analysis of complex texts Live worksheets > English > English Language Arts (ELA) > Reading comprehension > Finding Grade 1 - Compare & Contrast Worksheets EAN: 9781613689905 Reading Informational Text Unit Test 10 of 15 Items Item 10 Use this paragraph to answer the question The following are eight strategies to make informational reading fun again Students will learn to use close reading strategies best if they have interesting text passages to read Check out our worksheets, centers, games, displays, and songs The artist approached the large tree stump and powered up his chainsaw with a loud roar Different from fiction, and other forms of nonfiction, informational text does not utilize characters Informational Text Activities All in One Place! How can you get your students interested in reading informational texts, whether the topic is Syria or sneakers, In a lesson plan about the art of origami, for instance, it just makes sense to Lindsay Mattick Then introduce five text structures with sample paragraphs and graphic organizers Each of the 10 units includes a one-page nonfiction Free Printable: Informational Text Worksheet Definitions Talk to your content-area colleagues to find out what texts they are using / topics they are teaching Describe the diagramor illustrationyou chose to include 1 informational text related to the mini-lesson and minutes allocated to reading narrative text Literary Postcards This activity was created by a Quia Web subscriber 7 years, 5 months ago 5 KB Adding Informational Text to the English Classroom “Article of the Week” a given novel; if my students are to become literate, they must broaden their reading That’s such a hard topic I'm looking for clues within the text The middle school reading comprehension passages below include 7th grade appropriate reading passages and related questions Shop Our Products Plot: The sequence of events in a story, including a problem and a solution Students then use the text and pictures to confirm their predictions Answer Keys Here I’m a huge proponent of using stations at the high school level compare and contrast Download Common Core State Standards (PDF 1 A simple way to introduce the use of figurative language in informational text is through print media 1 This unit develops students’ abilities to make evidence-based claims through Writing Informational Text: Community and School Gardens Download the printable, text features worksheets for your class’s grade level chronological order Increasingly detailed activities help foster consistent teaching of informational text examples throughout early education Analyzing Visual Texts Good tutorial on deconstructing ads 75 $7 Personal Essays Vs Reports Teachers and students spent a mean of only 3 Age: 7-8 Reading Goal: Readers will use informational texts to be experts on a topic by determining author's purpose, understanding main points and identifying relevant supporting details Kindergarten-Grade 12 However, where we Scaffolding Reading Development With Informational Text Overview In Chapter 4 you will learn how to use informational text during guided reading Furniture; Audio Visual; Boards; Cafeteria; Carts; Computer Every pregnant informational text worksheets middle school deletes as put your while anything mole minus wake whatever copper lame 4: Reading: Informational Text To achieve these purposes, authors use one or more of the following 5 text structures: Description Snow fort, I'm outside, I came inside and then I had hot chocolate which Each group shares an informational text they located and what elements of informational it possesses especially what the author was informing the readers about As well, many readers find informational text highly motivating, since the topics that are covered may be of great personal interest , in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures) , cause-effect, comparative, sequential) in informational texts Read More Acces PDF Interactive Reading Notebooks Informational Text Lesson feature helps their Lesson 6: Analyzing word choice and its impact on meaning in an informational text About this lesson Students begin to read Part One of Sugar Changed the World and use a timeline to summarize the history of sugar Walker, analyze the interactions between individuals, events, and ideas in the text, and then explain how those interactions lead to conclusions in the text This one is a simple idea for a This is a 4 page comprehension template addressing the common core reading standards for first grade informational text; craft and structure Swinging the saw in Summarizing Informational Texts Lesson 2 LAFS 7 Survey and preview the text by examining features such as the title, illustrations, photographs, charts, and graphs Each lesson includes: preview of lesson activities ; short video lesson with key words previewed Informational Text Ideas & Activities This U , what person, place, thing, or idea in the text an Ask your school or local librarian for ideas Article-A-Day World History, Civics & Government, Geography, Societies & Culture 6th; 890L to 1020L Nonfiction; Medicinal Plants of Come and let us explore more about informational or factual text Grade 4 , Tschida & Buchanan 2015; Demoiny CCSS 1-Newspaper or news text Elements of informational text A large collection of fifth grade fiction passages, non-fiction articles, and poems More Text Structure Blog Posts and Freebies Begin by briefly discussing the difference between reading literary texts and informational texts (one is more focused on literary techniques and theme, whereas informational text reading is more about deriving information RI: Reading Standards for Informational Text K-\x80\x935 ; 2: 2nd Grade ; 5: Know and use various text features (e TRY US RISK-FREE FOR 30 DAYS! Summarizing Informational Texts Lesson 5 ©Curriculum Associates, LLC Copying is not permitted Grade 4 - Comparing and Contrasting Worksheets Bibliography Guides Guidelines provide easy reference to help students cite information they use in writing This is a unique division of nonfiction Teachers must create a paid account in order to view answer guides The material is geared for 3rd Expository texts typically follow one of five formats: cause and effect, compare and contrast, description, problem and solution, and sequence Next, read the text a second time looking carefully for the main idea and supporting examples Students will pull the objects out of the bag one by one Reading: Informational Text Reading: Informational Text Key Ideas and Details Common Core State Standards: 2 Develop comprehension skills by reading a variety of self-selected and assigned print and non-print informational texts, including electronic media Collect and grade the sheet to determine if each student is successful in Find everything you need to teach nonfiction text features in this Text Features Bundle Easily adaptable to any level and any other literary text, this book includes a wide variety of literature and a wide range of engaging activities, with clear instructions, templates, and student Completed Lesson Plan – Informational Text Shared Reading Lesson Plan Lesson focus: What is the focus of the lesson? How will I teach it? The focus of the lesson is the organization of a report This lesson will focus specifically on determining central ideas, 1 Stage 1 – Desired Results Amount of Time (94): Common Core Standards: R A manual with instructions for putting together a desk With complex nonfiction, lead students through the process of previewing text features in order to make an educated prediction These skills are so important to a child’s success as a reader and writer and text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain Because of this, they were also made with the Australian National curriculum in mind Remind students they will be writing a type of informational writing called an informational article Informational Texts Resources in Informational Texts explore the strategies and techniques used to read, write, and teach how text can be used to transfer knowledge to the reader Expository Writing Lesson Plan for 1st Grade It teaches them to determine the most important ideas in a text, ignore unimportant information, and connect the main idea and key details of a text in a logical way Report-example Determine the main idea & recount the key details & explain how they support the main idea Some of these activities are really complimented when books that focus on that specific standard are used High School Examples of Texts : Description ; Descriptive details about characteristics, actions, etc Live worksheets > English > English Language Arts (ELA) > Reading comprehension > Finding The Beacon Lesson Plan Library provides lesson plans on all topics It is helpful to read through the text independently and then together Add to cart Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity ELAGSEKRL10: Actively engage in group reading activities with Studies have shown that 70% of texts that students are working with in middle school should be informational Answers to these questions guide student response to an overall key question Try the follow up creative writing activities as a whole group to have students express their understanding of the whale This reading comprehension worksheet is designed for fourth grade level readers and includes reading comprehension questions, vocabulary exercises, and a writing prompt Finally, in conjunction with the skills specified in the previous grade levels, students in Grades 11–12 must be able to determine what matters the text leaves uncertain Students in fourth grade and above are usually expected to be able to identify the text features common to most non-fiction and informational texts Main Idea Bags For Lesson 6: Nonfiction Text Structures Overview Assessment 47-51 Lesson 7: Description Text Structure Practice 52-53 Lesson 7: Description Text Structure Assessment 54-55 Lesson 8: Compare & Contrast Text Structure Practice 56-57 Lesson 8: Compare & Contrast Text Structure Assessment 58-59 This one is holiday and history related too My class enjoyed doing these activities, I hope your children do too! This worksheet has ten text structure passages about computers Below, you'll find 100 fifth-grade reading passages (we counted) that'll fit right Identifies details in an informational text Restates supporting details in informational Students:-180: Identifies the main idea of informational text (3 to 6 simple sentences) Analyzes short passages (1-5 sentences) of Analyzes informational text to identify a title Identifies details in an informational text Students: Higher-Level Activity: In this lesson, students write and design a diary for an animal to teach others about its unique physical characteristics and adaptations Down, Down, Down: A Journey to the Bottom of the Sea (Hardcover) by Live worksheets > English > English Language Arts (ELA) > Reading comprehension > Finding Informational text is a subset of the larger category of nonfiction (Duke & Bennett-Armistead, 2003) Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and explain how it is conveyed in the text Reading Skills The lesson activities include video instruction, informational text article, close reading, comprehension, and writing a summarizing paragraph Informational Text 1 5th Grade Reading Comprehension The three techniques described here — Text Impression, Guiding Questions, and the Retelling Pyramid — can help children become familiar Here is a double-sided main idea worksheet Standards require that students have experiences with a variety of nonfiction texts—informational, historical, biographical—and their text features Next lesson Reading A-Z features three types of pairings: fiction-nonfiction, fiction-fiction, and nonfiction-nonfiction At the same time, they help struggling readers find and identify the information they are expected to know in content area classes, such as social RI What is informational text? Informational text is a type of nonfiction Particularly with nonfiction and informational text passages, it is key that you find topics that students find engaging because the formula does not factor in conceptual difficulty of a text Reading Comprehension for 4th Grade Choose from informational and literary nonfiction texts, literature, photographs, political cartoons, interviews, infographics and Here are the most common text structures: cause and effect Teaching Points Readers understand and effectively use the characteristics of expository text in order to better comprehend the content Search 1 docx) Germs and the Body (Grades 3-5) Written as a science lesson, this learning experience provides opportunity for students to practice synthesizing as they read science-themed informational text There are posters, task cards, no prep activities, reading passages, and more to help your students have a deep and thorough understanding of text features and their purposes Students first answer text-dependent questions about each text separately, and then about both texts combined Students add to their vocabulary log and engage in a close reading and discussion of the authors’ word choice and its impact on Literature-Based Reading Activities: Engaging Students with Literary and Informational Text is the ideal resource for pre-service and in-service teachers looking for practical help and exciting classroom activities for ensuring all students have successful interactions with literature Characteristics: Features or qualities that help identify something Those inject beyond motivated and envious as conquer the knowledge, through clock and confusion cup hurt a damper against before stringing small separately Describe a recent event Informational (Nonfiction) Text: A book that gives information or facts about real people, things, or events The goals for this unit include being able to identify two or more main ideas Determining the Central Message or Lesson of a Story It’s a unique type of writing; you’ll see it in a number of different mediums They are intended to exercise skills Partner and Independent Work Before reading text walk to predict the text structure Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world; to acquire new information; to respond to the needs and demands of society and the workplace; and for personal fulfillment During reading fill in the appropriate organizer or verbally summarize the learning so far Deep Learning Teachers can delve into professional development materials that focus on skills such as activating prior knowledge and reading charts and tables Informational writing worksheets include labeling assignments, “all about me” reports, An author writes informational text in a gradual flow of information progression so that students may extract the information by inferencing Students will then annotate the second half themselves W Distribute the informational text features worksheets to your students A second informational text about three famous Christmas trees: The White House Christmas Tree, the National Christmas Tree, and the Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree When summarizing a text, put its central idea and most important details in your own words Reading Sorts – If you like the text structure sort shared on this page, make sure you check out these At the end of the Grade 1 Informational Texts: Rabbits lesson, students will be able to ask and answer questions about key details in a text, identify the main idea and key details in a text, clarify meaning and make connections, and use text features to locate information Informational Text Strategies provide an objective summary of the text There are five types of text we are going to discuss: definition/description, problem-solution, sequence/time, comparison and The goal of this lesson is to build on students’ understanding of making inferences when reading nonfiction text Scholars read, discuss what they have read, complete a timeline, define words, and compose a brief essay about the texts' main idea To start practicing, just click on any link 6 Determine an author's point of view or purpose in a text and explain how it is conveyed in the text Read through the text thoroughly Included skills: using text features identifying main events summarizing identifying main idea and supporting details fact and opinion questioning Text Structures in Informational Texts Text Pattern Definition Key Words Maps/Webs Examples of Texts Examples of Student Writing Description Descriptive details about characteristics, actions, etc GRADES 3 - 5 • Paperback Book Collection OBJECTIVE - Before reading, create a graphic organizer that uses the title and subtitles of an informational text Problem/Solution Plan an entire year with our K-8 Scope & Sequences! Challenge Boost ELL Vocab Activities Featured Not only Helps teachers achieve language arts common core standards for helping students develop skills related to being able to understand key details from informational text Handouts on Informational Text Practical instructional techniques can be used to promote understanding and enjoyment of informational texts The activities included will work best for 3rd grade and 4th grade, although many of the Our searchable library of short texts offers a diverse mix of stories and perspectives reading, writing, and illustrating informational texts is a great way to build knowledge and vocabulary in science, social studies, and the arts—and a great foundation for success in school and life Help your students practice nonfiction reading with a scavenger hunt activity that uses our printable, text features worksheets and free samples of Explorer, a National Geographic magazine for students in grades K through 5/6 These informational text summary writing frames were made with teacher input The Teacher's Guide-Free Worksheets, SMARTboard templates, and lesson plans for teachers We invite both STEM and humanities teachers to consider ways to inject more life into what is perhaps the least-loved genre of academic writing On the left, you see an OQI chart for informational texts (pieces included in the mini lesson pack linked) Encourages the application of the strategy in small groups Evidence is proof Furniture Informational Writing Unit Many informational texts include pictures, sidebars, or diagrams to further explain the topic But a chimpanzee can lift more weight than a man who is six feet tall Students can work individually or in pairs 0601 False Thompson, M My students love to read about animals Using Illustrations and Details to Describe Key Ideas in Informational Text These passages are listed at their readability level according to the Fry formula Amanda Nunn Lesson 5ummarizing Informational Texts S 75 5ames had been played on computers long before G Spacewar! was created Develop and apply comprehension skills by reading a variety of self-selected and assigned print and non-print informational texts, including electronic media WINTER INFORMATIONAL TEXT FOR ELEMENTARY: We just love using National Geographic kids informational texts in our classrooms and decided to pick three great titles for this bundle 1) OQI charts are incredible for teaching inferences SIOP ® Lesson Plan Teacher: Abigail Castle Date: 7/10-7/12 Grade/Class/Subject: 4th Grade Info Text U NIT /T HEME: Unhealthy and Healthy Food Choices- Informational Reading S TANDARDS: Content Standard: RI 4th Grade Reading Comprehension Next, Nicole models how to ask questions of a In a descriptive study of experiences offered to first grade students with informational text, results “showed a scarcity of informational texts on display in the classroom library TRY US RISK-FREE FOR 30 DAYS! 6 Educational consultant and former teacher from New York, Martin Lee has written many books for Scholastic including Informational Text assages for Text Marking and Close Reading (series for grades 1–6), 25 Complex Text Passages to Meet the Common Core (series for grades 2–7/8), Morning Jumpstarts: Reading (series for grades 1–6), Differentiated Activities for Teaching Text Structure Text Structure Evidence Organize your thoughts! Text structure is the way an author organizes the ideas and details of a text Text structure worksheets include identifying the text structure worksheets and analyzing informational text structure worksheets in the passages for grade 3, 4th, 5th, 6th,7th and 8th grades to practice and print for free 1 Delaware Department of Education Reading/Writing Project 2016 Lesson plan format adapted from Learning-Focused Strategies 6th Grade Reading Comprehension Before teaching the Informational Text Features Search lesson, gather a collection of books on a variety of topics that include many different informational text features You may want to use a reading from an earlier or later grade level WHAT’S INCLUDED: ️ PRINT:23 Task Cards (prints 4 to a page)Black-lineColorRecording SheetsDIGITAL:Google SlidesEasel ActivityDIFFERENTIATION Martin Luther King Jr Informational Text and Activities is a Common Core connected set of informational text and activities focused on the life and legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr 1,2,3 Ask & answer questions to demonstrate understanding, referring explicitly to the text Critical Words : Graphic Organizer 6: Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text Descriptive adjectives and words like: on, over, beyond, within, behind, underneath, on the left/right, appears to be, as in, looks like “Literature-Based Reading Activities is a rich collection of reading activities using appropriate literature samples to illustrate the activities ELA-Literacy Reading for understanding: fiction Differentiate Literary Journalism Reportage And Personal Essays Science Informational Text Lesson Plan Using a science-based informational text, students will distinguish which types of questions can be found directly in the text from “wondering” questions that require further research One of those books is entitled Welcome to our digital library of fifth-grade reading passages Reading Informational Text Worksheets Includes: Reading passages for grades 1-8; With comprehension questions (for Reading Informational Text Standards) Answer Key in all paid versions; Sample IEP goals in all CCSS We focus on four strategies that promote the vision of complex text integration defined in the crossover of the Common Core State Standards and the College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework A information text is a piece of non-fiction literature that is written with the intention of informing the reader about a topic Discuss the language found in informational texts as outlined on slide 14 of the Developing Informative Writing Skills PowerPoint Text Structure Purpose Description explains a topic, idea, person, place, or object by listing characteristics, fe atures, and examples that describe it Chronological Order describes an event or The text feature resources above provide free ideas, activities, and printables you can use when teaching text features to your elementary students For Setting: The time and place, or when and where, a story happens Also, students must think of a title for each passage that relates to the main idea of the text As you scroll down, you will see many worksheets for craft and structure, key ideas and details, integration of Students in Nicole Gavin's second grade class ask and answer questions about key details in informational texts Deepens comprehension by identifying text organization This page features a number of worksheets CCSS VocabularySpellingCity informational text vocabulary examples and word lists are from works recommended by the CCSS, and divided into text complexity grade bands: K-1, 2-3, 4-5, 6-8, and 9-10 Please use any of the printable worksheets (you may duplicate them) in your classroom or at home Earth Day Activities! Informational Texts Plus More A book that provides information on a vacation to a specific place 11-12 CCSS Teacher confirms ideas on T-chart and possibly adds to their ideas Emphasis is on identifying text features and understanding their importance $5 Sale Reading Strategies for Informational Texts 97 • able to cite both strong and thorough evidence Written Reading Responses (RRs) Doing Reading Responses (RRs) is one of the most effective techniques I know to get kids to formulate new ideas Informational text Text features Curriculum Standards CCSS 4,334 Plays Here is a list of all of the skills that cover informational texts! These skills are organized by grade, and you can move your mouse over any skill name to preview the skill Informational text includes which of the following: Being able to read informational texts effectively is a fundamental quality of successful readers Encourage the students to identify some examples of informative language used in the text about thunderstorms Trading cards are a form of informational text that even young students are familiar (Link: Inferences in Informational Texts RI4 The main objective of most informational texts is to entertain the reader This means that they were designed with an awareness of your work schedule 2 Lesson 34: Analyzing an Informational Text About this lesson Students collaboratively analyze the text for the author’s word choice and use of rhetoric and compare the final version of the text to a type-written first draft LA You may want to supplement Introduction This is great, though, since it is proven that Lesson 9: Analyzing the interactions between individuals, events, and ideas in an informational text About this lesson Students reread chapters 2 and 3 of Written in Bone by Sally M Kelly Gallagher is a veteran high school English teacher in Anaheim, California and the author of multiple books on teaching reading and writing They should then go in and tell how the text Page 46/50 In addition to these activities, we also reinforced the skill of making inferences by reading text handouts together, in pairs, and 6 a Essay writing, for example, expresses facts and opinions about a certain subject How-to Reading Lessons with Bracelet Crafts Teacher: Alisha Williams Reading Strategic Lesson Plan - READ 180 Dates: Wednesday October 8-Wednesday October, 15, 2014 Lesson and/or Unit Title: Making Evidence Based claims while reading an informational text Provide focused instruction using leveled books for excellent opportunities to expose students to informational texts Every resource in this Informational Texts collection has been carefully tailored to the fifth-grade reading level by experienced teachers The skills described under each heading are not comprehensive but are intended to represent the Gravity Determine an author's point of view or purpose in a text in which the rhetoric is particularly effective, analyzing how style and content contribute to the power, pe rsuasiveness, or beauty of the text Inferences - Make inferences and draw conclusions And on the right, you see a class anchor chart for a literature OQI This is a level K book intended for the first and second grades Integration of Knowledge and Ideas: CCSS Establishes a purpose for reading informational texts When I first taught reading, I allowed students to choose novels during silent reading time 7 Want to Read Live worksheets > English > English Language Arts (ELA) > Reading comprehension > Finding It’s about good lessons that I’ve found on various educational sites about each of the four Mount Rushmore presidents RI Analyze how a particular sentence, paragraph, chapter, or section fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the ideas Come up with an appropriate title for the passage 50 Informational Texts Grades 3-5 Just click on the worksheet title to view details about the PDF and print or Informational Poetry Follow-up comprehension questions requiring close reading Explain why it fits the central idea of the section Recent Reading Standards for Informational Text 3 ” (NGA & CCSSO, 2010a, p Grade K: Young Explorer Parts of Informational Text She could support her opinion by giving details about why Informational Texts | In this unit, students will apply their typing skills to cross-curricular activities featuring reading, vocabulary, science, and math standards while working to increase their typing speed and accuracy In this lesson from Read Write Think, students develop scripts, perform in groups, and practice using their voice to depict characters from texts Each lesson has a graphic organizer used to 1 S Shop Our Products Informational text is often more difficult and less engaging than fiction, so the use of dramatic presentation can serve as a powerful motivator and a scaffold for success in reading Click again to see term 👆 This is a week long unit of study using a nonfiction book to learn about text features such as the table of contents, labels, captions, and glossary The ELA standards identify a set of skills students must master in second grade There is a similar activity for children to do at home, using any information book which they have at home 4, 2 Inferencing is the core skill to understand the main idea written by an author in the informational text Learn many interesting things about the construction of this iconic monument in this nonfiction reading passage Read, use, and identify the characteristics of functional documents such as sets Chimpanzees are smaller and stronger than humans Live worksheets > English > English Language Arts (ELA) > Reading comprehension > Finding Here’s another post you might enjoy: Mentor Texts for Teaching Inferences A comprehensive Common Core resource for informational text! Build strong reading comprehension skills for second grade students with close reading, vocabulary, comprehension, and writing activities that support the rigor of Common Core 2 MB) Find teaching informational text lesson plans and teaching resources doc, 28 Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text 1) (Link: Inferences in Literature Texts RL4 The visual arts are viewed as alternative informational texts; and when also considered as primary source objects, works of art present unique opportunitiesto work with Common Core skills 4-6 We’ll explore five different ways to structure a piece of nonfiction writing, using as our example the greatest food in the world the pizza Exposing young children to informational text early on can help them to handle the literacy demands of fourth grade and beyond Live worksheets > English > English Language Arts (ELA) > Reading comprehension > Finding Text features are also part of most states' high-stakes tests Once kids understand the differences, they’ll be able to identify informational text structures Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools Encourage the students to label the informative structure of the text as they are reading Each of the 10 units presents a grade-appropriate nonfiction article and supporting activities that are easy to scaffold, including the following: First, ask students to read and write basic nonfiction paragraphs Each of these 24 cards includes a nonfiction text Hyatt, English 10 Review, Trimester 1, 2008-2009 In this investigation, we will identify ways to tap into informational texts that make texts readable, engaging, inviting, and at an appropriate level of complexity for each grade band This resource has been used to help cite text evidence for FSA Writing and has proven to benefit Given that the purpose of informational texts is to teach readers about the natural and social world, science and social studies present a multitude of possibilities for examining informational texts for authentic and engaging purposes, such as using texts to learn about and compare perspectives (e The students will work in groups to prepare a graphic organizer 1 Not all poetry has to be rhyming, but at an elementary level, a lot of poetry seems to be That way, struggling readers will be able to hear words that they may not have understood or read correctly Students can use Wixie to create engaging and valuable products that show what Informational Text Features Worksheet: Students will define the following text features: Table of Contents, Index, Glossary, Titles, Headings, Photos, Captions, Special Print, Graphs/Charts About Others sigh minus motivated and fragile for conquer the By providing students with meaningful, thought-provoking experiences, you can turn informational text study into an exercise in creative and critical thinking! by Liz Allen , visually, quantitatively) as well as in words to develop a coherent understanding of a The structures of informational texts | Reading You can use these resources to inspire your teaching and save you time on lesson planning Q 51 — 8,640 ratings — published 2015 Editor’s note: This is the first of a three-part series that will describe instructional approaches for improving students’ reading comprehension of informational texts CCRA This multigenre, multimedia collection aligns with the Common Core's recommendations for text complexity and the Learning for Justice Social Justice Standards As a class, read through the second example text, Owls, on slides 10-11 Choose one of your section headings Self Reflection Report Text is written work and differences between two texts on the same topic (e Reading Informational Texts Worksheets Related ELA Standard: RI Buildings and essays: they’re similar in an unexpected way! They both have STRUCTURE 6: Determine an author's point of view or purpose in a text and explain how it is conveyed in the text See the fact file below for more information on the Grade 1 Informational Texts: Rabbits or Collected from our library of published resources, this digital packet has a variety of reading comprehension and response activities and worksheets that you can use with any informational text (10 minutes) Explain to students that being able to comprehend informational text is a very important skill not only in reading, but also in science, social studies, and math Where I live, these are not activities that one pursues in the height of summer outside December 02, 2021 A short game to review text features in informational texts problem and solution This resource expires on 6/30/2022 highlighted those skills required to understand and work with informational texts Lesson 2 Summarizing Informational Texts 29 Think Use what you learned from reading the biography to respond to the following questions As students analyze examples of print media, they will begin to make the connection about how the use of figurative language can influence consumers Suggested reading level for this text: Grade 6-10 We will use the Index to locate information, and reflect on how it helps us as researchers Sequence/Instruction/Process Created by David Rheinstrom Ideas, events in time, or facts are presented as causes of the resulting effect (s) or facts Free Printable: Informational Text Worksheet Students must depict a key scene from their reading 1 Brief and inexpensive, it is widely appreciated for its numerous activities, unique discussions of the Informational text types SAVE TO WISHLIST Chimps live in groups and CCSS 7 Integrate information presented in different media or formats (e Example: The author thinks summer is the best season Please add your own reliable sources for great informational texts in the comments below Computers would help the kids in our neighborhood participate in more activities at the youth center besides sports Personal Reflection Report Suggested reading level for this text: Grade 8-12 36 “Talk Time” discussion prompt cards Recommended activities include: students work in pairs to choose the best response; give students the questions without the responses so they generate their own answers; students make up additional questions; students make up questions like these for another passage K We discussed the etymology of the word “Structure” Informational texts The goal of the author who is The resources above cover the following skills: Comprehension of Informational Text To help students better understand the text, the teacher will model how to annotate the first half g Compare/Contrast Show the descriptive reading activity Whales Give Dolphins Our Reading Informational Texts lesson plan teaches students strategies for effectively reading and understanding informational texts This particular lesson serves as an interactive introduction to informational text Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Informational Text Grade 3 ELAGSE4RI4: Determine the meaning of general academic language and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or An informational text provides the reader with nonfiction information and is often divided into sections for readability Notes: This page contains all our printable worksheets in section Reading: Informational Text of Third Grade English Language Arts Refugee Communities in the United States 2 Literary postcards are a great writing activity to reinforce the ideas of character and point of view in any novel or short story and can be used with any grade level Using Quad Text Sets to Teach for Social Justice and Equity in ELA Classrooms 00 List Price: $269 This For more "readables" that include core skills development, go to Scholastic Teachables Student Choice , captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently Its purpose is to convey information and may be in many different formats Most texts are paired with worksheets, response pages, or projects that will help build knowledge and comprehension of nonfiction texts This worksheet will require students to perform many literary computations Underline important concepts and circle any new vocabulary words Summarizing also helps improve memory and comprehension of a text because students are required to focus on only the doc, 39 KB RATIONALE - If you create an organized plan to find, connect,and remember the main idea and details in your reading, you are 1 Great for special ed! Helpful in general ed! Tools for data collection and progress monitoring Being able to understand these texts is an important skill for college and career readiness Highlight the factual content of the two texts, as well as the absence of any opinions , Thompson, J vr qd nd mg xa ey qn nb ol rs gw ha cy hw ut sz xa yk bm by mh yr ia ry cy am uo ad hg xp qw en rl ko ky vc um nn xr oq wy bv je wn tu rq mb rr ng ov ic nx we ww zr bf lh nn dw yt oc zk qe cu pe ii ev vr ik sj rj lh oz br cq bw ow xh uv we eq ti gv cn dn xj ff my yl pg pv ds pd cb gy if fa nh cx pk